Treating Addiction With Medicines
The use of other drugs may be needed to ensure the treatment is a success and that withdrawal symptoms are eased. These medicines helps the user to become sober. Intensive and most severe withdrawal symptoms cause many to go back to taking drugs. A patient can be put on these medications for the relief of withdrawal symptoms either as an in or out patient. For the best chance of becoming sober and staying sober the medication dose may be altered.
Some medicines can imitate the symptoms of habit-forming drugs, which alleviates withdrawal effects and cravings.
Detoxification And Withdrawal From Drugs
At the start of the program, the body goes through a process to remove the drugs from the system. This is cleansing or detox. Depending on the drug in question, the detoxification period may be as long as several weeks or just a few days.
The hardest part of detoxification is having to deal with withdrawal symptoms. The exact nature of the drug use will determine how severe the withdrawal symptoms will be. Long-time drug users who took massive doses experience the most severe withdrawal symptoms.
During the detox process, the former drug addicts pass through many painful side effects. Some of these are
- Sickness or feeling sick
- Uncontrollable shaking
- Body pains
Different medicines are prescribed to help various withdrawal side effects. Some of the drugs prescribed are as follows
- For stress and irritability reduction.
- Anxiety and stress are a common symptom of detox from many drugs.
- The soothing impact which controls liquor withdrawals is Benzos.
- This drug is also addictive so is prescribed with caution.
- Depression is common in withdrawal as the brain has problems producing the 'happy hormones' that are naturally produced.
- When they stop taking the drugs, these people go through dejection and feelings of hopelessness.
- Mood lifting medications like Zoloft and Prozac help in reducing these symptoms till the brain can function naturally again.
- Clonidine is prescribed to treat alcohol and drug withdrawals and it decreases sweating, muscle spasm, anxiety and muscle pains.
- Seizures and tremors can also be treated using Clonidine.
The withdrawal symptoms from Benzodiazepines such as Valium or Xanax can be extremely dangerous and can result in death; one should never try to detox abruptly on their own. Complications from other drugs can arise but are not considered life threatening. Detoxifying under medical supervision makes sure things are done right and raises the chances of beating the addiction.
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Medications For Treating Alcohol Withdrawal
Withdrawal symptoms of alcohol addiction can last from several weeks to a few months depending on the frequency and duration over which alcohol is abused. This is called prolonged or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
With treatments such as maintenance therapy, the PAWS can be relieved as well as the cravings and they may also make the user unable to stomach alcohol. In most cases the patient has to take these drugs every day and they come in form of pills.
Recovery from alcohol addiction involves medication such as
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
- Naltrexone has the ability to impasse receptors that generates the feeling of content with alcohol in the brain.
- The urge to drink can be reduced.
- Sickness and migraine are cause by Naltrexone.
- It can be administered by injection every four weeks.
- Acamprosate (Campral)
- Acamprosate has the ability to comfort from the effects of alcohol obsession that includes emotional and physical suffering.
- This medication is usually taken by recovering alcoholics after the detoxification period is over.
- Acamprosate works by eliminating the worse feelings of nervousness and hopelessness that results in lessening the desire to drink.
- Disulfiram (Antabuse)
- Alcohol addicts were first given the medication of Disulfiram.
- It works by causing the person taking it to suffer nausea and vomiting if they consume alcohol.
- The intention is that the ones taking disulfiram will not drink alcohol as it will make them feel sick.
Familiarize yourself with available treatments for alcohol dependency.
Heroin And Opiate Medications
Drugs in the opiate group are Heroin, Morphine and narcotic painkillers like Oxycontin. Opiate and Heroin medicines comfort urges and withdrawal side effects. Opiate and Heroin are available in tablet forms.
Some people may pass through Heroin and Opiate withdrawal for about a week. Long-term withdrawal symptoms may also be experienced by others. Withdrawal symptoms can last for months or even years for some people. PAWS and desires can be controlled by long-term replacement medicines. Medication can be taken for as long as is required by the patient.
For Heroin and painkillers these are some medicines
- Methadone is a drug used for mild to serious addictions.
- Methadone links to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers but without the high.
- Withdrawal symptoms and the urge to use are reduced by this.
- People become addict of Methadone in place of Heroin and painkillers if it is not use carefully.
- Treatment facilities offering Methadone give it to their patients daily so that they are not able to over indulge and become addicted.
- More About Methadone.
- Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
- Buprenorphine works in a similar way to Methadone but does not need to be as closely regulated due to the possibility of addiction is far less.
- Buprenorphine users may frequently take the drug home with them in place of heading to a centre each day to get it.
- Naltrexone works the same method for opiate addiction as it does for alcohol addiction.
- Mostly, it puts an end to cravings.
- Since alcohol and opiates stimulate some of the same receptors in the brain, naltrexone can work for both addictions.
Centres For Medical Detox And Rehab
Many people have attempted to give up drug use on their own. Compared to medical detoxification, this has not only proven harder but also dangerous. To gain sobriety with no added health issues or risk of relapsing, a medically supervised detox is the best and safest mode. Some addictions such as alcohol or benzos are more suited to medical detox.
Treatment for any substance addiction should start with medically supervised detoxification.
Health complications are avoided in a medical detox program. The patient's vital signs and fluid levels can be monitored by a doctor. Medical staff are on hand to make the patient as comfortable as possible. Medications can be adjusted to the needs of the patient and long-term plans can be made.
Medical detox is for anyone facing health problems. High blood pressure is one of the problem of withdrawals. Doctors can spot impending problems and treat them early.
Treatment centres offering inpatient treatment often include detox in the program. Residential rehabilitation can last for between 30 and 90 days in many cases. In treatment, the first week usually involves detoxification during which the patient must be closely monitored. Rehabilitation has other treatments like behavioural therapy so the recovery procedure can be more prosperous.
Get a treatment centre with medically supervised detoxification if you or someone you know is struggling with addiction call 0800 772 3971.